5 Tips for Creating an Effective Whiteboard Animation

whiteboard-animationsWhiteboard animations require many innovative ideas, careful decisions and gutsy implementations. Developing a script and the entire pre-production planning stage before the creation of any type of creative work is one of the most important things that one must ensure to work on. Below are a few important tips for an effective whiteboard animation. These tips will enable you to create a great impression in the minds of your audiences and fans.

1. A great script is a must

As far as whiteboard animations are concerned, an average script will not do much favor to you. You need a great script and a one that can help you to create a major impression in the minds of the people or your audiences to keep it simple. Your story must be bought to life in an extraordinary manner.

2. Having a believable flow

Just like it happens in real life, your whiteboard animation should have a story line that is quite distinct in the middle, beginning as well as ending. This means that the videos should be short

A Beginner’s Guide on How To Draw

fashion-figuresHave you ever thought how artists come up with the greatest drawings that leave you wishing you knew how to draw? Well most of them didn’t grow up drawing, they learnt the art of drawing. Whether you dream of becoming the next Pablo Picasso or are simply thinking of giving your own imagination a creative outlet, you can learn how to draw in three simple steps. Here, take a look.

Step 1: Start with a rough sketch

Beginners who wish to be great artists should start by drawing the simplest things from a rough sketch. For instance, if you are drawing a flower, don’t draw one petal at a time. You may end up drawing one section of the object and forgetting about the big picture. If you ignore sketching what you want to draw you may also end up running out of room or end up with an unattractive imbalanced picture.

When it comes to sketching, simply use light repeated strokes and loosen things up. You are bound to make mistakes but don’t mind about them. This

Preparatory Processes Before Tanning

leather_preppingAll the tanning processes go through these basic processes. They are important because they enhance and improve the transformation of skins and hides into leather. The preparatory processes include slaughtering of the animal, soaking, fleshing/ defleshing, dehairing, bating and pickling.

1. Slaughtering of the animal:
The leather preparation process begins with the killing or slaughtering of the animal. The skins or hides of the animal is peeled off or removed. This process is termed as Flaying. The pelt is hanged for the liquid in it to drain off. It is then dissolved in heavy salt or brine solution. This process is referred to as Curing. It is done to prevent the skins and hides from bacteria and other insect attack or decay.

2. Soaking:
The pelts are soaked in paddle vats filled with water added with chemical wetting agents. This helps in restoring some of the natural moisture lost during the curing process. It also makes the pelts soft and improves its aesthetic appeal whilst disinfecting it from further insect and bacteria attack.

3.

Illustration Techniques for Designers

There are several techniques or styles of making an illustration. Each of these techniques has its distinctive process and media specially used for creating the illustration. The graphic artist must therefore familiarize himself well with a particular technique before adopting and using it for the production of a graphic design product. Examples of some of the techniques in illustration are:

1. Pen and wash- This illustration technique involves the drawing of the outlines of the illustration in pencil. Ink is used to go over the drawn outlines in pencil. When it is dried, a small quantity of the ink is diluted with water in a lighter tone. Brush is used to apply the paint at the darker areas of the drawing. The painted areas are washed to create various tones to bring out the forms of the illustration. The outlines are made stronger by the use of pen lines. It is used for catalogues, village and market scenes, fashion design magazines, book covers etc.

2. Pen and ink- This is the use of pen and ink to draw the outlines of the drawing and using any of the shading methods to bring out the forms

How 3D Animation Video Helps in Improving the Animation World

Animation magic has ushered in a revolution of sorts in the world of advertising, marketing, promotion, media and entertainment. This seamless technology has induced life into visuals, creating a canvas that is both engaging and entertaining. The world over, animation continues to fire imaginations.

The technology has been evolving over time with newer developments enabling superior control and rendering of frames and visuals getting more life-like. There has been a significant improvement in 3D animation also. Though most of us discern these developments through the latest games and movies, other areas from aircraft design to weather forecasting are reaping the benefits from integrating 3D animation with virtual reality and simulation techniques.

Introduction of 3D Animation

To put simply, 3D animation is the three-dimensional representation of various elements. The technology allows an element to be modeled with such finesses it resembles a real physical object. A filmmaker can use the same camera angles on the rendered graphic as they would have in real life – front, back, sides, above, below, i.e. from every angle. They can also use different lighting environments to highlight unique textures and supplement the visuals with additional data to create realistic

5 Tips for Effective Exaggeration

At the heart of successful animation lie 12 principles. One of these is exaggeration, which refers to the act of taking certain elements and stretching them beyond the realm of normal. All animation requires some sort of exaggeration, even animation that strives to be realistic, because it is exaggeration that makes animation come alive, appeal to audiences, and add comedic relief to otherwise intense scenes. Poorly executed exaggeration, however, can detract rather than add to the appeal and impact of an animated work. As a result, effective exaggeration requires careful work by the traditional animation studio. Following are a few tips for successfully using exaggeration in any animated production.

Exaggerate The Most Important Elements.

The first step in creating effective exaggeration is to choose which elements to exaggerate. The key when making this decision is to remember that exaggerated elements will get the most attention from viewers. Therefore, the element you choose will change the way the viewer understands the scene. As a result, you need to choose the elements that are most important for understanding the scene.

For instance, if you are animating a scene in which a character is sailing, you may

How To Differentiate Between Natural and Synthetic Leathers

Natural and synthetic leather share strong similarities in many respects. Therefore, it is important that we know their unique characteristics to make it easier to distinguish amongst them. Also, the prices of high-quality synthetic leather items are somewhat similar to those of natural leather. Owing to this, one may even mistake synthetic leather as natural leather. This article unveils the unique features of both the natural and synthetic types while highlighting their strengths and limitations. This will assist leather craftsmen and clients who will be adequately informed about the types of leather to choose for the production of a particular article.

Some of the unique features of synthetic leather that would make its identification less strenuous have been stated below.

1. It is a chemical compound that can smell badly by false processing and become discolored by taints applied.

2. It is very cold, so it is not good to wear the garment even on a windy autumn day.

3. It is heavier in weight than sheepskin, but lighter than cowhide.

4. When it gets into contact with fire it burns out immediately, even with a quick touch of fire from a

What Makes Natural Leather The Best Choice

Natural leather has several features that make it far more different from synthetic leather. These characteristics have to be known by leather craftsmen and students to help develop their taste and sharpen their judgment concerning ‘fake’ and real leather products. Some of its distinct characteristics are vividly described in this article. The aim of the paper is not to discourage leather craftsmen and producers from using artificial leather but to accentuate the unique abilities of leather gotten from nature.

1. It has an excellent molding and forming qualities-

This leather is pliable and elastic. Due to this, it can be shaped in various forms, unlike synthetic leather that can tear when exerted with pressure to conform to a particular form. Natural leather ‘listens’ to the dictates of its maker without difficulty. Owing to its nature, it can take the form and shape of objects that even have various curvy aspects. No wonder it is used for the molding of bottles, vases, jars and even sculptural forms.

2. It has tear strength (plasticity)-

This is how leather can stand the ‘strains and stresses’ without breaking. Natural leather possesses the quality to be stretched, shaped

Finishing Techniques in Leatherwork

Finishing is concerned with the improvement of the hand and appearance of a product so as to enhance its general outlook and maximize its marketability potentials. It is essential that Leatherwork articles are finished in any of the accepted finishing techniques to heighten their design and aesthetic qualities. There are various appropriate techniques through which leather products can be finished. Some of these techniques are burnishing, waxing, polishing, spraying, texturing, patenting. using conditioners, soaps, and cleaners.

1. Burnishing

This is a decorative process in which a smooth surface/tool is rubbed over the surface of the leather to produce a sheen. The leather is placed on a hard surface. Then a blunt, smooth tool, for example, Stone, bottle, bulb, spoon, marble or some smooth, hard object is used to rub over the surface of the leather on the grain side to produce a shiny effect. This is done by starting from a point and working gradually to all parts of the leather until a uniform sheen is produced. By this process, the rough surface of the leather and any wrinkles are smoothed or polished. This is done by rigorously rubbing the surface of leather with a

How to Prepare for Model Casting

Awesome, you have just got your ticket to enter an exciting industry. However, your performance at Casting is pivotal in determining whether you get selected by the agency and paves the way for the subsequent opportunities you will acquire as a model.

1. Check and follow the requirements

Important details such as the timing of the casting call, what you need to bring, expected dress code and all the important details must be strictly followed to ease your casting process. It is very unlikely that you will attend an audition where there aren’t many others casting for the same opportunity, and the agency rarely has much time to waste. So being late or not bringing what is required will significantly slow down the process and cause you to wait much longer. Besides, that is the last first impression you want to create (Or the last impression you will make). Check the website to see what’s required for casting and call the agency and clarify directly.

2. Your overall look: Simple.

Your look is something you need spend some time thinking about. A model agency wants to see the raw talent and beauty you

Fundamentals in Basketmaking

Basket making or basketry is the process of weaving pliable materials such as willow, cane or rush.

Baskets have been made for many centuries, probably even before any records started. Unlike pottery the material used to make baskets will have decomposed within a relatively short time, so it’s impossible to know exactly when they were first made.

Woven containers can be made from a variety of fibrous or pliable materials; anything that will bend to form a shape – and not break! Examples include pine, straw, stems, animal hair, hide, thread, and fine wooden splints.

Indigenous peoples are especially known for their basket-weaving techniques. They often trade their baskets for other goods or food, and may also use them for religious ceremonies. You can find many beautiful examples of ancient baskets which shows the makers were highly skilled craftsmen or women from their time.

Basketry can be classified into four types:

Plaiting

Using materials that are wide and braid-like palms

Wicker or Splint Basketry

This process uses wicker, Reed, Willow, Oak or Ash, where the material is woven in and out of radial uprights attached to a base to

The Forming Techniques in Leatherwork: Gluing and Stitching

Gluing

This process ensures the permanent joining or securing of the various parts of the intended article together. Usually, small pins are used by some leather craft men to initially secure the pieces together as a final check before the actual stitching or gluing is carried out. Other leather craft men oversew the edges of the pieces temporarily together with cotton as a checker to test the general outlook of the article. The temporary sewing is very important because any corrections can be easily made before the actual and permanent stitching is done. When the leather craft man is very satisfied and convinced of the assembling after carrying out the temporary stitching, the final gluing or stitching is then carried out. If the various pieces are to be secured with glue, the areas are well sanded to smooth and free them of any dirt that would disturb the binding. The brush is dipped in the glue and then applied gently at the edges to be secured together.

Most adhesives after their application need time to set before they can stick together. If this is the case, the leather craft man allows the applied adhesive to

How To Produce Ten Different Lacing Styles

There are several lacing or thonging styles which though form part of the construction of the article, also improve the aesthetic appeal of the article. Some of these styles are discussed in this article.

1. Oversew/ whip stitch
After the holes or slits are created, the thong is passed through the first hole from the underside of the leather and then passed on the top. It follows continuously in that manner till the process is complete.

2. Oversew with two colours
This lacing technique is similar to the oversew technique. However, the difference is that two different coloured thongs are used alternately.

3. Couching
In this process, a different coloured strip of leather is ‘laid’ in skived and stuck in position between the slits and the edges of the leather before the oversew lacing is done on it.

4. Criss-cross/ Cross loop/ Baseball X stitch
Two rows of thongs are used for creating this style. The first row is worked from left to right while the second row is rather worked from right to left. However, intermediate slits or holes are left when the first row is worked on for the second row

Reasons for Decorating and Finishing Leather Items

Decoration is the means or process through which the appearance of an artwork is enhanced or made more attractive. The decoration of articles and works in leatherwork has several benefits or importance both to producers, customers and the product itself. Finishing is the treatment given to products to change, improve or develop their appearance or behavioral characteristics. This treatment improves the hand and makes the products very attractive. It is the final methods and processes of preparing the leather for use, of polishing, buffing or otherwise after the completion of the leather artifact. Some of the reasons for decorating and finishing leather products are discussed in this article.

1. To enhance the value of the leather products- Decorating leather items aid in increasing their aesthetic appeal and makes them more attractive.

2. To attract high price- Decoration of leather helps in adding market value to the product. It raises its price and worth. This makes the leather craftsman earn a lot of income.

3. To meet standards for export- Well decorated products helps such works to meet exportation standards. They can be exported to other countries to earn foreign exchange.

4. To show

Tanning After-Treatment Processes

There are some treatments that are given to leather after they have been tanned. Some of these include washing, setting out, oiling, stuffing, and drying.

Washing
It is also referred to as scouring. This is done to remove any surplus tan from heavy leathers and chrome salts from light leathers.

Setting Out
This is done to stretch the leather to remove any wrinkles and flatten heavy leather. It is also done to remove creases and surplus moisture in light leather. After this process, the pelts still contain about 60% moisture.

Oiling
This is the application of oil to the grain side of the leather for it to be flexible and be of good colour. It is done to replace the oil lost during earlier treatments.

Stuffing
This is the process of impregnating the leather with oil and fat to make it waterproof or suitable for mechanical leathers or make it more resistant to wear.

Drying
This is done by pasting the hide onto a glass plate or metal sheet or by toggling that is pinning the leather onto a large wooden sheet with holes in it. This is done to compress the

Importance of Paper Designing in Leatherwork

Designing is an important step that ensures the success of any article.The truth is that the leather material for the production of items are costly and as such, a leather craftsman cannot just experiment with it, thus, paper is used to test the feasibility of a particular design before it comes to life using leather. Detailed merits of paper designing prior to actual three-dimensional production in leather sounds professional and advantageous for many reasons,some of which have been dealt with in this article.

1. It helps us to generate various unique and original designs from which articles can be produced- Designing takes several phases or stages in their development which some designers’ term as idea development. This systematic development ensures that original designs which are not already in existence are created.

2. It helps designers in incorporating client’s preferences into the design of the article- When articles are carefully planned and designed, it gives designers the opportunity to include the taste of customers with respect to colour, shape, form, etc. in the design. This deepens the trust that clients have in the leather craftsman, paving the way for commissioned future projects.

3. It helps

Tin-Cure and Platinum-Cure Silicones

Silicone rubber is a material of choice for many mold makers and casting artists. The excellent flexibility, superior strength, enhanced resistance and long life work in its favor apart from the versatile usage for almost any application.

Silicone rubber comes as a two-part formula that can be poured, sprayed or brushed on the model/mold. In fact, it is safe and can be used for both mold making and casting as long as it suits your application. Another benefit is that silicone does not stick to anything, so a release agent is mostly not required.

Silicone rubber is often used for general mold making applications as the molds manage to capture fine details and can be made very quickly as well. Most materials – all types of resins, foams, wax and some low-melt metals – can easily be cast in silicone molds. It is also suitable for making soaps and candles, sculpture reproduction, cold casting. Special rubber variants can be used for making food molds, realistic masks, doll reborning, special effects and even life casting.

Types of silicone

Silicone rubber polymers come in two variations – platinum-cured and tin-cured. Both these types are very

Description of Marking, Measuring, Cutting and Sewing Tools in Leatherwork

There are several tools used in the field of leatherwork. Most of these tools are locally made while others are bought from shops that sell imported leather tools. The tools used in leatherwork are very many and varied. Therefore, for purposes of easy identification and study, marking tools, measuring tools, cutting tools and sewing tools are described in this article.

1. Marking Tools-
This category of leather tools is used for marking purposes. They are used for creating lines to serve as a guide before sewing, cutting, thonging or stitching is carried out. Examples of tools under this category are:

Edge Creaser- This tool is usually dragged along the edges of leather products to create a creased guideline for sewing and thonging purposes.

Edger- This is a marking tool that is used for creating lines along the edge of leather items to assist in sewing.

Leather Marker- This tool is used for marking out lines as a guide for cutting and designing purposes.

Tracing Tool- It is used for marking and tracing out lines of templates or patterns before sewing.

Spacing Wheel- This tool is used for marking equivalent spaces on

Pattern Making and How To Design Handles in Leatherwork

Patterns are shapes or motifs of objects cut out in paper and other materials which include cardboard, tin sheet, zinc or galvanized iron sheet, plastic sheet etc. and used as a guide in producing leather articles. They also refer to already prepared designs/decorations/motifs intended for transfer onto leather and other surfaces for fixing or duplicating them on the leather.

Again, patterns also refer to impressions or decorations made on a surface. Patterns can be stamped, woven, batiked, embossed, incised, drawn, peeled, tie-dyed etc. on leather.

Functions/Advantages of Patterns

1. Patterns help in the cutting out of leather.
2. They aid in the smooth production of mass quantities of leather articles.
3. It helps leather artists in avoiding wastage of materials.
4. It helps in saving the time of the artist.
5. It ensures an accuracy of the work.
6. It serves as a way of checking whether the ideas of the artist will work before producing the actual product.

Procedure For Preparing and Transferring Designs From Patterns onto Leather

1. Draw the design/pattern/motif.
2. Cut the shape out with scissors, knife etc.
3. Place the moistened leather on a flat hard surface.

Entering and Winning the Best, New Sweepstakes

Sweepstakes are a gamble. They are typically used as a promotion strategy to introduce new products. But if you are lucky, they offer a good chance to make some quick cash and earn grand prizes. There are several sweepstakes available online, that you can participate in. However, it’s impossible to enter all of them. Here’s how to maximize you earning potential from sweepstakes.

1. Google search – Google’s your go to place for all kinds of sweepstakes. It’s a broad search that gives you every type of sweepstake, allowing you to choose what you want.

2. The prize – Instead of only typing “sweepstakes”, narrow you search based on the prize you want to win. Examples include for cars, travels, grocery items. You can also customize you search based on the end date.

3. Sweepstake sites – Like you have coupon sites, there are sites dedicated to sweepstakes. They collect and display information about and links to such contests making it easier for you to choose. They are updated on a daily basis and so give you the most recent.

4. Magazines – There is nothing wrong with the gold old way. Monthly